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2019-01-31 Are East Africa’s new railways viable?

 

Are East Africa’s new railways viable?

Jan 31, 2019. Written by Shem Oirere

Some quotes from the article:

„The value of current railway projects in East Africa has risen to more than $US 12.1bn as governments take advantage of funding offered by foreign investors to build new standard-gauge railways (SGR) rather than upgrading existing metre-gauge lines serving Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.“ …

„An emerging issue is whether the new railways are economically viable. Just months after commissioning the 487km Mombasa – Nairobi SGR, doubt persists as to how it will carry enough freight to generate sufficient revenue to repay the Chinese loan. “ …

“There are concerns that East Africa may not have adequate freight capacity that can make the new SGR lines economically viable,” says Mr Anil Bhandari, a Nairobi-based transport consultant. “Probably the first option for expanding rail transport in the region would have been to modernise the existing metre-gauge network.”

Source: www.railjournal.com/in_depth/east-africas-railways-viable

2019-02 Neue Schienen für Ostafrika

Der Ausbau der Eisenbahntrassen quer durch Tansania dient vor allem dazu, die kongolenischen Bergbaugebiete mit den Containerhäfen am Indischen Ozean zu verbinden. (Anne-Cecile Robert, Le Monde diplomatique, Februar 2019)
Auszüge:
„Trotz der höheren Kosten haben die tansanischen Behörden beschlossen, eine neue Strecke zu bauen, anstatt die alte wieder auf Vordermann zu bringen. Viele afrikanische Länder machen das so, meint Eric Peiffer, Vertreter der belgischen Gesellschaftfür Eisenbahnlogistik Vecturis: „Die Regierungen wollen lieber bauen als das Bestehende instand zu setzen. Das ist spektakulärer und politisch wirksamer.“ (Seite 13)

„Tansania hat sich für elektrisehe Züge entschieden, gegen Dieselloks, die auf der Tanzam fahren. Die Stromversorgung der Triebwagen muss also entlang der ganzen Strecke gesichert werden. Das ist eine gewaltige Herausforderung, wenn man bedenkt, wie oft es allein in der Hauptstadt zu Stromausfällen kommt.“ (S. 13)

„Die Regierung hat einen Energie-Masterplan ausgearbeitet. Ein großer Staudamm mit Wasserkraftwerk soll am Fluss Rufiji entstehen, mitten im Wildschutzgebiet Selous, im Herzen der Region Morogoro. Dieses Projekt lag jahrelang in der Schublade, bis Präsident Magufuli es im September 2017 wieder hervorgeholt hat. Der Staudamm soll eine Kapazität von 2100 Megawatt erreichen und fast 6 Terawattstunden im Jahr produzieren, das entspricht annähernd der Menge, die das Land heute insgesamt produziert.
Angesichts der Höhe der Investitionen werden sich alle Länder, die an dem neuen Schienennetz beteiligt sind, hoch verschulden. Allein der Bau der Bahnstrecken wird jahrelang Milliarden Dollar verschlingen. Die Oberleitungsstrecken sind teuer und erfordern ständige Wartung. Man rechnet damit, dass sich das Ganze frühestens nach fünfzehn Jahren amortisieren wird.“ (S. 13)

2019-02-12 The construction of Dar-Moro SGR reaches 42 per cent

TUESDAY FEBRUARY 12 2019. By Hellen Nachilongo

Dar es Salaam. The construction of Standard Gauge Railway (SGR) project from Dar es Salaam to Morogoro has reached 42 per cent while construction of the Makutupora-Tabora section stands at six per cent.
The Tanzania Railways Corporation (TRC) executive director, Mr Masanja Kadogosa, told The Citizen on the sideline of a meeting on “sixth capstone course” that brought more than 50 senior government officials from the mainland and Zanzibar.
Tanzania signed an agreement with Turkish and Portuguese firms to construct the Dar es Salaam- Morogoro stretch at Sh2.7 trillion, which is expected to be completed by November 1, this year. “So far the construction progress is on the right track . We are optimistic that we are going to finalise the Dar-Morogoro section within the next 10 months” , he said.

https://www.thecitizen.co.tz/News/-Construction-of-Dar-Moro-SGR-reaches-42pc/1840340-4977976-951lkk/index.html

2018-01-02 Tanzania to buy 19 electric cargo, passenger trains

Tuesday January 2 2018

Tanzania has floated a multimillion dollar tender for 19 electric trains to be used on the standard gauge railway (SGR) which is under construction.

State-run railway firm Reli Assets Holding Company (Rahco) is seeking the supply of the locomotives, 14 of which will be cargo trains.

The deadline for the bids closes end of this month as Tanzania eyes becoming the East African Community logistics hub, a status currently held by Kenya.

Tanzania will also become the first country in the region to use high-speed electric cargo and passenger trains.

According to the tender notice, Rahco said the government has set aside funds for the purchase of the engines and carriages to operate along the Central Corridor.

https://www.theeastafrican.co.ke/business/Tanzania-electric-trains/2560-4248628-fm92m5z/index.html

Oktober 2018. Erste Teilstrecke im Bau

Eine türkische Firma begann die erste Teilstrecke (DSM-Morogoro) der neuen Zentralbahn mit internationaler Spurbreite zu bauen. Ihre elektrisch betriebenen Züge sollen bis zu 160 km/h erreichen. Damit wird die Fahrzeit von DSM nach Morogoro auf eineinhalb Stunden verkürzt. Für die Teilstrecke werden 36.000 t Schienen eines japanischen Herstellers verbaut. Die Beton-Schwellen werden in Tanzania hergestellt. Die Kosten von $ 1,2 Mrd. finanziert die türkische Exim-Bank vor.

Für die nächste Teilstrecke Morogoro-Dodoma (430 km) schloss die Regierung einen Finanzierungsvertrag in Höhe von $ 1,46 Mrd. mit der britischen Standard Chartered Bank Gruppe ab. Der Haushaltsausschuss des Parlaments äußerte Zweifel, ob Tansania genügend elektrische Energie für den Betrieb der Bahn erzeugen könne.

Quelle: https://tansania-information.de/index.php?title=Aktuelles:_Gro%C3%9Fprojekte,_Entwicklungshilfe,_Investitionspolitik_-_10/2018

2018-11-16 Negative balance of payments widens, new BoT report shows

Friday November 16 2018

Dar es Salaam. Increased capital goods imports, mainly related to infrastructure projects and the rise of oil prices in the global market, have continued to widen the balance of payments deficit.

The growing BoP deficit was also partly on account of widening of the current account deficit.

The current account deficit nearly doubled to $2,159.0 million in the year ending September  2018 from $1,192.5 million in the year ending September 2017, largely accounted by increase in imports, particularly transport equipment and building and construction.

The BoT report has said the growing BoP deficit was a result of aggressive imports of capital goods for infrastructure projects including Standard Gauge Railway (SGR), roads and bridges, ports, airports as well as an increase of world market’s fuel price.

https://www.thecitizen.co.tz/News/Business/Negative-balance-of-payments-widens–new-BoT-/1840414-4855180-wg1pvd/index.html

 

2018-09-11-Tanzania to commence construction of SGR

Published : September 11, 2018

https://www.newtimes.co.rw/business/tanzania-commence-construction-sgr

The first such consignment of rails which will be used in the construction of the rail stretch from Dar es Salaam to Morogoro have been imported from Japan.

Tanzania’s SGR project manager Maizo Mgedzi told the Guardian in an interview recently during a visit to the construction site at Soga, in Coast region, that the government was finalizing the rails’ clearance procedure to pave way for their offloading.

He said that unlike the metre gauge railway, the new SGR rails will be of 120 pounds to enable them adequately withstand bulky weight.

Commenting on the progress of the project, he said it was at different stages of development, such as precast girder production, cutting and filling of gaps to make a level surface, and production and supply of concrete sleepers.

According to the manager, the project had reached 22 per cent, noting that at that pace he was optimistic they would meet the deadline.

https://www.newtimes.co.rw/business/tanzania-commence-construction-sgr

2018-01-15 Rwanda, Tanzania agree on joint construction of SGR

https://www.newtimes.co.rw/section/read/227641

Rwanda, Tanzania agree on joint construction of SGR

By Collins Mwai, Published : January 15, 2018

Rwanda and Tanzania have agreed on joint construction of a Standard Gauge Railway (SGR) from Isaka (northwestern Tanzania) to Kigali, a move which will facilitate movement of goods between the two countries.

The agreement was reached following a meeting between President Paul Kagame and his Tanzanian counterpart John Pombe Magufuli, during the former’s one-day working visit to Dar-es-Salaam, yesterday.

President Magufuli said that they have instructed the Infrastructure ministers of the two countries to meet in the coming week to deliberate on an agreeable financing model.

The meeting between the ministers will, among other aspects, consider the financing models of the project before a tender announcement for the project is issued.

Magufuli said that they expected to break ground for the project within this year.

The railway line is expected to link Dar-es-Salaam and Kigali via Isaka, and expected to improve movement of goods into and out of the country considering that over 60 per cent of Rwanda’s imports and exports go through Tanzania.

Studies conducted by the East African Community (EAC) indicate that the Tanzanian railway route would cost Rwanda about US$800 to $900 million.

The Standard Gauge Railway from the port of Mombasa via Uganda is expected to cost Rwanda close to US$1 billion, initial studies had shown.

Rwanda has maintained that the country intends to implement both routes (via Tanzania and Kenya) to increase efficiency and reduce cost of transport of goods.