Archiv der Kategorie: Uncategorized

2019-01-31 Are East Africa’s new railways viable?

 

Are East Africa’s new railways viable?

Jan 31, 2019. Written by Shem Oirere

Some quotes from the article:

„The value of current railway projects in East Africa has risen to more than $US 12.1bn as governments take advantage of funding offered by foreign investors to build new standard-gauge railways (SGR) rather than upgrading existing metre-gauge lines serving Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.“ …

„An emerging issue is whether the new railways are economically viable. Just months after commissioning the 487km Mombasa – Nairobi SGR, doubt persists as to how it will carry enough freight to generate sufficient revenue to repay the Chinese loan. “ …

“There are concerns that East Africa may not have adequate freight capacity that can make the new SGR lines economically viable,” says Mr Anil Bhandari, a Nairobi-based transport consultant. “Probably the first option for expanding rail transport in the region would have been to modernise the existing metre-gauge network.”

Source: www.railjournal.com/in_depth/east-africas-railways-viable

2019-06 Progress Video Railway SGR Dar to Morogroro

DSM June 2019 Progress Video; Standard Gauge Railway Line From Dar Es Salaam to Morogoro Project

Yapı Merkezi is constructing the fastest railway in East Africa. The first phase of the 1,224 km total line, the 202 km long Dar Es Salaam – Morogoro Railway Project, is the most critical part of the project. When the 5-part line is completed, it will connect Uganda, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania, and provide access to the Indian Ocean for all related countries.

2019-04-26 China invites Tanzania to attend 1st China-Africa trade expo

Source:Xinhua 2019-04-26

DAR ES SALAAM, April 25 (Xinhua) — China has invited Tanzania to participate as the guest of honor at the First China-Africa Economic and Trade Expo to be held in June in Changsha, capital of central China’s Hunan province.

The invitation was announced on Wednesday night by Chinese Ambassador to Tanzania Wang Ke, during a celebration gala of the 55th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Tanzania and China held in the commercial capital Dar es Salaam.

China has been the largest trading partner of Tanzania for three consecutive years, said Wang, adding that in 2018, the two countries‘ bilateral trade volume reached 4 billion U.S. dollars.

Moreover, she said, China was the largest foreign investor in Tanzania with a total investment of 7 billion dollars and over 700 investment projects which have created about 150,000 direct local jobs.

Source: https://www.focac.org/eng/zfgx_4/zzjw/t1658269.htm

2018-08-31 China and Tanzania. Partners in security

China owns the stage in Africa

2018-08-31 Sabine Mokry

https://www.merics.org/en/blog/china-owns-stage-africa

  1. China will seek to deepen its bilateral partnerships also in security matters.

To strengthen the strategic component of these bilateral relations, China is expanding its relations with African militaries. The First Defense and Security Forum Beijing hosted in late June with over 50 African high-level militaries highlighted the growing security component of China’s engagement on the continent. In the future, China can be expected to not only offer more training courses for African military officers, but to use these occasions to boost sales for Chinese-built weapon systems. It is likely that China will scale up its efforts to sponsor capacity building and professionalization training programs for African militaries including the construction of purpose-built academies and training centers such as the one that opened in Tanzania earlier this year.

2019-02 Neue Schienen für Ostafrika

Der Ausbau der Eisenbahntrassen quer durch Tansania dient vor allem dazu, die kongolenischen Bergbaugebiete mit den Containerhäfen am Indischen Ozean zu verbinden. (Anne-Cecile Robert, Le Monde diplomatique, Februar 2019)
Auszüge:
„Trotz der höheren Kosten haben die tansanischen Behörden beschlossen, eine neue Strecke zu bauen, anstatt die alte wieder auf Vordermann zu bringen. Viele afrikanische Länder machen das so, meint Eric Peiffer, Vertreter der belgischen Gesellschaftfür Eisenbahnlogistik Vecturis: „Die Regierungen wollen lieber bauen als das Bestehende instand zu setzen. Das ist spektakulärer und politisch wirksamer.“ (Seite 13)

„Tansania hat sich für elektrisehe Züge entschieden, gegen Dieselloks, die auf der Tanzam fahren. Die Stromversorgung der Triebwagen muss also entlang der ganzen Strecke gesichert werden. Das ist eine gewaltige Herausforderung, wenn man bedenkt, wie oft es allein in der Hauptstadt zu Stromausfällen kommt.“ (S. 13)

„Die Regierung hat einen Energie-Masterplan ausgearbeitet. Ein großer Staudamm mit Wasserkraftwerk soll am Fluss Rufiji entstehen, mitten im Wildschutzgebiet Selous, im Herzen der Region Morogoro. Dieses Projekt lag jahrelang in der Schublade, bis Präsident Magufuli es im September 2017 wieder hervorgeholt hat. Der Staudamm soll eine Kapazität von 2100 Megawatt erreichen und fast 6 Terawattstunden im Jahr produzieren, das entspricht annähernd der Menge, die das Land heute insgesamt produziert.
Angesichts der Höhe der Investitionen werden sich alle Länder, die an dem neuen Schienennetz beteiligt sind, hoch verschulden. Allein der Bau der Bahnstrecken wird jahrelang Milliarden Dollar verschlingen. Die Oberleitungsstrecken sind teuer und erfordern ständige Wartung. Man rechnet damit, dass sich das Ganze frühestens nach fünfzehn Jahren amortisieren wird.“ (S. 13)

2019-02-12 The construction of Dar-Moro SGR reaches 42 per cent

TUESDAY FEBRUARY 12 2019. By Hellen Nachilongo

Dar es Salaam. The construction of Standard Gauge Railway (SGR) project from Dar es Salaam to Morogoro has reached 42 per cent while construction of the Makutupora-Tabora section stands at six per cent.
The Tanzania Railways Corporation (TRC) executive director, Mr Masanja Kadogosa, told The Citizen on the sideline of a meeting on “sixth capstone course” that brought more than 50 senior government officials from the mainland and Zanzibar.
Tanzania signed an agreement with Turkish and Portuguese firms to construct the Dar es Salaam- Morogoro stretch at Sh2.7 trillion, which is expected to be completed by November 1, this year. “So far the construction progress is on the right track . We are optimistic that we are going to finalise the Dar-Morogoro section within the next 10 months” , he said.

https://www.thecitizen.co.tz/News/-Construction-of-Dar-Moro-SGR-reaches-42pc/1840340-4977976-951lkk/index.html

2018-01-02 Tanzania to buy 19 electric cargo, passenger trains

Tuesday January 2 2018

Tanzania has floated a multimillion dollar tender for 19 electric trains to be used on the standard gauge railway (SGR) which is under construction.

State-run railway firm Reli Assets Holding Company (Rahco) is seeking the supply of the locomotives, 14 of which will be cargo trains.

The deadline for the bids closes end of this month as Tanzania eyes becoming the East African Community logistics hub, a status currently held by Kenya.

Tanzania will also become the first country in the region to use high-speed electric cargo and passenger trains.

According to the tender notice, Rahco said the government has set aside funds for the purchase of the engines and carriages to operate along the Central Corridor.

https://www.theeastafrican.co.ke/business/Tanzania-electric-trains/2560-4248628-fm92m5z/index.html

Oktober 2018. Erste Teilstrecke im Bau

Eine türkische Firma begann die erste Teilstrecke (DSM-Morogoro) der neuen Zentralbahn mit internationaler Spurbreite zu bauen. Ihre elektrisch betriebenen Züge sollen bis zu 160 km/h erreichen. Damit wird die Fahrzeit von DSM nach Morogoro auf eineinhalb Stunden verkürzt. Für die Teilstrecke werden 36.000 t Schienen eines japanischen Herstellers verbaut. Die Beton-Schwellen werden in Tanzania hergestellt. Die Kosten von $ 1,2 Mrd. finanziert die türkische Exim-Bank vor.

Für die nächste Teilstrecke Morogoro-Dodoma (430 km) schloss die Regierung einen Finanzierungsvertrag in Höhe von $ 1,46 Mrd. mit der britischen Standard Chartered Bank Gruppe ab. Der Haushaltsausschuss des Parlaments äußerte Zweifel, ob Tansania genügend elektrische Energie für den Betrieb der Bahn erzeugen könne.

Quelle: https://tansania-information.de/index.php?title=Aktuelles:_Gro%C3%9Fprojekte,_Entwicklungshilfe,_Investitionspolitik_-_10/2018

2018-11-16 Negative balance of payments widens, new BoT report shows

Friday November 16 2018

Dar es Salaam. Increased capital goods imports, mainly related to infrastructure projects and the rise of oil prices in the global market, have continued to widen the balance of payments deficit.

The growing BoP deficit was also partly on account of widening of the current account deficit.

The current account deficit nearly doubled to $2,159.0 million in the year ending September  2018 from $1,192.5 million in the year ending September 2017, largely accounted by increase in imports, particularly transport equipment and building and construction.

The BoT report has said the growing BoP deficit was a result of aggressive imports of capital goods for infrastructure projects including Standard Gauge Railway (SGR), roads and bridges, ports, airports as well as an increase of world market’s fuel price.

https://www.thecitizen.co.tz/News/Business/Negative-balance-of-payments-widens–new-BoT-/1840414-4855180-wg1pvd/index.html